Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump are both leaders. They lead differently. Whether you like them or not, whether you agree or disagree with them, it’s undeniable that both have tremendous influence. People follow them. What counts from our perspective is not whether they are good, bad, lovely, or ugly as leaders. What we are interested in is the kind of effect that their leadership has. In this post, we’d like to introduce you to the Keirsey 160.
The Keirsey 160 is a research study that we’ve been conducting for approximately 30 years. We took a set of more than five thousand leaders—(from different industries, eras, life stages, races, genders, political affiliations, and religious backgrounds)—and studied them through the framework of temperament. We narrowed down the list to 160 different leaders representing the 16 personality types. We carefully selected 10 high-performance leaders for each personality type (5 male leaders and 5 female leaders), and we did a deep level analysis on each of them. We call them the Keirsey 160.
In conducting our research, we analyzed these high-performance leaders by: (i) reading everything we could about them (biographies, autobiographies, essays, articles, and websites); (ii) watching everything pertaining to them (documentaries, interviews, lectures, news-media, and presentations); and (iii) talking to them directly and obtaining first-hand information (informal and formal interviews with these leaders and with affiliated persons, archived information from internal sources, and visitations to the institutions/memorials built for/by these leaders).
Our research in temperament and personality type spans more than seven decades, and for each of these 160 leaders, they have been the subject of analysis for a period of 10 to 30 years. Our findings have turned into the creation of methodologies for leadership development which have been utilized by thousands of leaders worldwide. In the Fall, we’ll be releasing the Keirsey Leadership Report to the general public. (We’ll provide you with more on that through the Keirsey Magazine and via our new website when it is launched in the Fall of 2016). For today, let’s take a look at the 10 Rational Masterminds (INTJ), and the 10 Artisan Promoters (ESTP) of the Keirsey 160.
Donald Trump shares the same temperament and personality type as the following leaders:
The Artisan Promoters (ESTP)
“If you’re going to be thinking, you may as well think big.”
– Donald Trump (born 1946)
“If at first you don’t succeed, you’re obviously not me.”
– Madonna Louise Ciccone (born 1955)
“People respond well to people who are sure of what they want.”
– Anna Wintour (born 1949)
“I like entrepreneurial people; I like people who take big risks.”
– Billie Jean King (born 1943)
“He who is not courageous enough to take risks will accomplish nothing in life.”
– Muhammad Ali (1942 – 2016)
“If Playboy ever loses its editorial balls, then it will deserve to be knocked over by a younger, more vigorous magazine in the coming generation. But that won’t happen as long as I’m alive, I can promise you that.”
– Hugh Hefner (born 1926)
“You name it, we’re out there with the latest and the best cutting edge.”
– Helen Gurley Brown (born 1922)
“You must want! You have the right to ask! You must desire.”
– Eva Peron (1919 – 1952)
“A good plan violently executed now is better than a perfect plan executed next week.”
– George S. Patton (1885 – 1945)
“A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty.”
– Winston Churchill (1874 – 1965)
Hillary Clinton shares the same temperament and personality type as the following leaders:
The Rational Masterminds (INTJ)
“Fail to plan, plan to fail.”
– Hillary Clinton (born 1947)
“I would like to be judged on the validity of my arguments, not as a victim.”
– Ayaan Hirsi Ali (born 1969)
“I believe that if you show people the problems and you show them the solutions they will be moved to act.”
– Bill Gates (born 1955)
“In the broad sweep of history, it is ideas that matter. Indeed, the world is ruled by little else… Emperors and armies come and go; but unless they leave new ideas in their wake, they are of passing historic consequence.”
– Alan Greenspan (born 1926)
“There is nothing to prevent you from pushing your propaganda, to push your programme out to the students or with the public at large… and if you can carry the ground, if you are right, you win. That’s democracy.”
– Lee Kwan Yew (1923 – 2015)
“Executives owe it to the organization and to their fellow workers not to tolerate nonperforming individuals in important jobs.”
– Peter Drucker (1909 – 2005)
“Man cannot survive except through his mind. He comes on earth unarmed. His brain is his only weapon… everything we are and we have comes from a single attribute of man—the function of his reasoning mind.”
-Ayn Rand (1905 – 1982)
“Leadership is the art of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it.”
– Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890 – 1969)
Copyright: IAEA Imagebank
“Science makes people reach selflessly for truth and objectivity; it teaches people to accept reality, with wonder and admiration, not to mention the deep awe and joy that the natural order of things brings to the true scientist.”
– Lise Meitner (1878 – 1969)
“Independence is happiness.”
– Susan B. Anthony (1820 – 1906)
In our observations, we would argue that temperament and personality type trumps gender, religion, culture, politics, and generation. Meaning that if you are the same temperament and personality type as someone who may be different on the above areas, you will be far more similar to them at your core than if you were a different type but shared commonalities in the above areas.
Having said that, we would not say that all Artisan Promoters ESTP are identical, and not all Rational Masterminds INTJ are identical. When we speak of temperament and personality type, we mean the core nature of a person (i.e. what drives a person, how they communicate, how they approach problems and issues, the way they engage others, the way they think, the way they process information, their greatest strengths and weaknesses, and their overall perspective.) Depending on all that’s developed in one’s life on top of the core, there may be some significant differences.
So, what kind of leader will Hillary and Donald be? How are they different? It’s obvious that if you look at the 10 Artisan Promoters ESTP, you find a leader who is audacious, takes charge, is risk-taking, tough, badass, unconventional, opportunistic, and dominant. In the case of the 10 Rational Masterminds INTJ, you have a leader who is thoughtful, measured, analytical, competitive, intellectual, sophisticated, independent, and objective. Which leadership is more effective? What does our country need? It’s our vote that will determine the kind of leader we have as the President of the United States.