Photo Credit: Copyright 2016, DonkeyHotey, Hillary Clinton vs. Donald Trump Caricatures, https://flic.kr/p/DqFSiG.
She says that he’s unqualified, unfit, unmoored, unprepared, unreliable, unstable, unpredictable, and untrustworthy. She characterizes him as “dangerous and divisive.” She says that Trump’s ideas are not just different, but are “dangerously incoherent.” Hillary says, “They’re not even really ideas—just a series of bizarre rants, personal feuds, and outright lies.”
He says, “She has a lot to hide.” He calls her, “Lying Crooked Hillary,” characterizing her as more dishonest than any other politician to ever run for the White House. At Trump rallies, everyone applauds when Trump shouts, “HILLARY LIIIIIEEEEES!” The crowd roars, “Lock her up! Lock her up! Lock her up!” He says, “She took a short-circuit in the brain. She’s got problems… Honestly, I don’t think she’s all there.”
Which of the four temperaments lies the most? This is a general question that’s been brought up for years whenever we have conducted client workshops. It comes up in a very lighthearted manner, where we all laugh together about it. And almost every time, the whole group assumes that it’s the Artisan temperament. Well, is this true? What we would say, is that all of the temperaments lie. Some tell lots of lies, that is, the “quantity” of lies told are numerous. Some tell huge lies, that is, the “quality” of the lie is big, bold, and amazing. Or, there’s complexity and ingenuity to the lie. Some lies are uttered for convenience. Some to cover up guilt or shame. Some lies are a result of self-deception, and some lies are made to manipulate. Here at Keirsey, what we would argue is that there are different ways that each of the temperaments lie. Each feels differently about the lies they tell, and they respond differently when caught.
To understand lying, we first need to look at what drives each of the four temperaments. What is the basis for their self-esteem? When do they feel best about themselves?
For the Artisan, they feel best about themselves when they display artistic action, audacity, and adaptability. When they do or say something, it must have flair, it needs to be spectacular, done with finesse or style, and have a “wow” factor to it. Behaviors need to be bold, daring, courageous. It has to have teeth, guts, or cojones. Artisans feel best when they can defy the odds, and pull off the impossible. Artisans need a fire-breathing challenge to slay. They feel pride when they can adapt, improvise, and make things happen with very little to go off of. Artisans want to shake things up, to go against the establishment. They want to stand out.
So… When Artisans lie, they tell sensational lies. They tell big, bold, over-the-top lies. And when they lie, there’s a feeling of utter satisfaction if they can pull it off, and get away with it. If they get caught, they provide an outlandish, often entertaining explanation, or they pivot, maneuver, and improvise to change the dialogue to something that has a greater “wow” effect.
Donald Trump is an Artisan Promoter (ESTP)
For the Guardian, they feel best about themselves when they are reliable, of service, and respectable. When they do or say something, it must be appropriate, fitting, good, honorable, and acceptable. Behaviors need to be contributing to the establishment. Traditions need to be followed, protocols and proven track records are what count. Dues must be paid, and everyone needs to get in line, carry their own weight, pay their fair share. When a Guardian feels as though they have earned respect, they feel great about themselves. It is important for them to feel that they are worthy of the establishment. They want to fit in.
So… When Guardians lie, they tell lies of convenience. They tell lies which will help them make gains in their social status, to appear as being more respectable. And when they lie, they do whatever they can to make sure they are not found guilty, as this would threaten their respectability. If they get caught, they make a big ordeal out of it, admitting fault, and issuing a formal apology to earn back their respect.
For the Idealist, they feel best about themselves when they are empathetic, benevolent, and authentic. When they do or say something, it needs to show caring, consideration, and compassion. Behaviors must be marked by goodness. Other peoples’ feelings matter, and therefore, the way all of us treat one another is what really counts. Idealists exist to provide hope where there is no hope, and bring meaning and purpose to the least, the last, and the lost. When an Idealist is authentic, and they can feel the genuineness of another person, they feel a deep connection. They want to express themselves.
So… When Idealists lie, they tell heartfelt lies. They tell lies which they can often come to believe as truth. They are connected to their stories, believing that they only have good intentions. Idealists tell lies to protect others feelings, but can feel horrible inside, as the truth begins to eat away at their soul. If they get caught, they often feel relief, and confess willingly, telling the whole story, because of their need to restore authenticity.
For the Rational, they feel best about themselves when they display ingenuity, autonomy, and willpower. When they do or say something, it needs to make sense, be intelligent, reasonable, and strategic. Behaviors must be marked by competence. Rationals want results, and they expect themselves and others to be self-directed, self-defined, and self-confident. Rationals exist to evolve, innovate, excel, and improve. They pride themselves on being independent, and they never give up. Rationals persist until they reach their objective, and they confidently make decisions and hit their targets. They want to achieve greatness.
So… When Rationals lie, they tell rational lies—that is, lies that make sense. They tell elaborate, complex lies which they hope others won’t understand. They hide the truth in complexity, by being vague, and by using intellectual banter. Rationals tell lies when lying helps in reaching a specific objective they have in mind. They can often explain, excuse, and justify anything, making it seem right. If they get caught, they use their ingenuity to outsmart, fool, or manipulate the accuser.
Hillary Clinton is a Rational Mastermind INTJ
They say that all Politicians are liars. And perhaps this is true. But, the truth is that we have all lied from time to time. In our estimation, both Hillary and Donald are no exception when it comes to the statements they have made on the campaign trail. In future blog posts, we’ll be taking a closer look at some of the lies both of them have told through the framework we’ve just laid out above. Stay tuned in for more on the Keirsey Blog!