Photo Credit: Copyright 2016, Election 2016, by DonkeyHotey, http://flic.kr/p/CHMwo1
How are they Different in their Leadership?
The first Presidential debate is coming up on September 26th. Political commentators are anticipating that this will be the most watched Presidential debate in U.S. history. Over one-hundred million viewers in the U.S. alone are projected to tune in. It’s been called an “Epic Showdown.” There are many predictions, but It is impossible to know what the outcome will be. In this blog we’re not looking to speculate. What we will do, however, is provide an overview of how these two candidates differ in their leadership style. How do Artisan Promoters ESTP and Rational Masterminds INTJ differ on various significant factors which impact their leadership?
Strategic Leadership vs. Tactical Leadership
Definition: “Strategy has to do with identifying the ways and means necessary and sufficient to achieve a well-defined goal… the most important thing to understand about the strategic intellect is that it is activated by errors found in complex systems. In other words, Rationals are ever on the lookout for systemic problems and are bent on solving them. They’re problem solvers, one and all.”
Definition: “Tactics is the art of making moves to better one’s position in the here and now… always scanning for opportunities, always looking for the best angle of approach, and so are able to come up with that particular action which at the moment gives them the greatest advantage, and that brings success.”
Strategy is like playing chess, while tactics is like sword fighting. A strategic approach is where you anticipate all possible contingencies and prepare in advance for every situation accordingly. You plan ten moves ahead, anticipating what your opponent will do way before you even get started. A tactical approach is to come in ready to pounce and react; it’s about maneuvering, and throwing counter-punches. In sword fighting, you stab or get stabbed, you don’t plan ten moves in advance with a plan on how you will defeat your opponent.
Hillary is strategic and Trump is tactical. Hillary prepares, practices, rehearses, studies, and plans. She’s known as the candidate with policies, and she criticizes Trump, explaining that the reason he keeps his plans secret is because he doesn’t have any plans. For Trump, he comes armed for battle with a mindset that is ready to devour and demolish. He chooses to not be overly rehearsed. Too much preparation makes an Artisan feel caged, because their strength shines in the moment, rather than in their prepared responses. He wants to make sure that he’s going to enter that stage with his instincts. Let’s unpack this to see how strategy and tactics play out.
1. Analysis vs. Action
Rational Masterminds INTJ are among the strongest of all the types when it comes to analysis. When there is a crisis, they step back and analyze the situation. They don’t want to jump to conclusions right away. They are tentative in their judgements and restrain themselves from diving into action too quickly. They don’t want to be reactive, they want to approach with thoughtfulness and deliberation. They want to gather all the evidence to make sure that their initial hypotheses can be confirmed before they make any definitive statements. The drawback to this is that they can get too caught up in analysis, and can get mired in the details, often leading to analysis paralysis, and thereby acting far too slowly.
Artisan Promoters ESTP are the first to act. They are driven to action, and will follow their instincts. They leap first and see where they land, and then they do their analysis (or get others to do it for them). They improvise, and move forward when they have just enough to go on. They figure it out as they go, believing that you really can’t know “what’s up” until you get your hands dirty. They get started and then work out the details afterwards. They want to move swiftly, optimistically, and courageously, expecting to improvise and adapt where necessary. The drawback to this is that they can act prematurely, and if their instincts are off, they can make a big mess for others to clean up afterwards.
2. Blueprints vs. Improvisation
Rational Masterminds INTJ have blueprints. They have answers, policies, proposals, ideas, and plans. They are master planners by nature. They are technologists, thinking through complexities, with a systemic perspective. Their explanations can be complicated because they are often the only ones who have ever thought through all of the details and implications of everything. They believe that, “If you fail to plan, you’re planning to fail.” They build their plans, and prepare for execution. It doesn’t guarantee that their plans are the best plans, but what’s for sure is that they have their well thought out blueprint waiting for implementation.
Artisan Promoters ESTP improvise. They say that having too many definitive plans and being overly prepared can be the very factor that debilitates them. “You don’t know what’s going to happen until you get there.” You have to go in with strength, ready for anything. Improvising in the moment is what gets the kill. They are like hunters, going in with a fierce mindset, ready to engage and emerge victorious with the prize. They are the best at intimidating and throwing counter-punches. They move forward while staying agile. What this means is that they are going to be unpredictable, what you can count on is that you will be surprised. And surprises can be amazing or awful.
3. “It’s more complicated!” vs. “Let’s cut to the chase!”
Hillary is abstract, sounding intellectual, philosophical, sophisticated, and technical. She talks about ideas, and seeks to explain her positions in all of its complexity. Hillary is perceived as being highly educated.
Trump is concrete, he cuts to the chase, and speaks in common everyday language, using humor, and vivid stories. He can come across as being much more barbaric with his words, but he is perceived as having street smarts.
4. “Do you know what you’re talking about?” vs. “Who gives a sh**!”
Rational Masterminds INTJ are not sticklers for keeping the rules, but they know them all. Relatively speaking, they are like walking encyclopedias, so because they are so knowledgeable, they know when to break the rules, and when going with best practices is the sure bet.
Artisan Promoters ESTP are natural rebels who will disregard the rules when it goes against the results they are seeking. They have an attitude of, “Who gives a sh**!” They don’t care what anyone thinks. They are fearlessly audacious, making them the most politically incorrect of all.
5. “Here are the non-negotiables!” vs. “Everyone has a price!”
When negotiating, Rational Masterminds INTJ are likely to know where they stand with respect to all of their positions, and are apt to stick to their guns. They believe that there is a certain strategy for approaching a situation, problem, issue, or opponent, based on intelligence. And their approaches are contemplated in advance, and are often communicated even before the confrontation.
The Artisan Promoters ESTP believe that everything is negotiable. They approach every situation optimistically, expecting to come out of the situation with a favorable outcome. They are not apt to put someone into predictable categories. They believe that everyone has a price, and figure that when they go in, that they will be able to read a person and make the best moves to better their position.
6. “Here’s how the system works.” vs. “Throw a monkey wrench into the system.”
Rational Masterminds INTJ operate through systems. They have well thought out views, and defensible arguments for their strategies. They can explain how their system works from just about every angle, having immovable principles which govern their perspectives.
Artisan Promoters ESTP throw monkey wrenches into the system. They believe that decisions are best made in the moment. They believe that every situation is a different animal and that you really can’t contain a beast. All you can do is out maneuver with sharper instincts and dominate by finding the opportunity in the moment.
Which is more effective?
A strategic approach is different from a tactical one. Both are needed in leadership. To say one is more effective than the other can be argued endlessly. We’re just here to provide some understanding on the behaviors of both candidates. We have less than fifty days before the election. There are three debates, many more twists and turns to come. Let’s see what happens.
If you missed the last blog post, “Is the Superman Outfit Working?” We invite you to take a read. Here’s a description of the post: “Trump is portrayed as being “super-human.” And Hillary’s campaign is always seeking to humanize her. How’s this working out for them? The most recent national CNN/ORC poll shows that Trump has overtaken Hillary. In this blog post, we look at how the two candidates are doing with their current outfits.”
Photo Credit: Copyright 2016, Super Trumps of the RNC, by DonkeyHotey, http://flic.kr/p/KfNSrM.
If you’re just joining us for the first time, we invite you to take a look at the entire blog series on the 2016 Presidential Election. Other blog posts in the 2016 Presidential Election series include:
- Who Has the Right Temperament and Personality to be President?
- Different Kinds of Leaders
- Liar! Liar! Who Lies the Most?
- Can Trump Change?
- How Long Can Hillary Hide?
- Is the Superman Outfit Working?
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